A U. S. Department of Justice funded research report titled Employment, Crime, and Context: A Multi-Level Analysis of the Relationship between Work and Crime” concluded that:
Employment is an essential aspect of social life. The majority of adults spend most of their waking hours engaged in some type of work. At the individual level, it has the power to shape our attitudes, influence our decisions, and determine our lifestyles. At the community level, employment structures social interaction, influences stability, and creates opportunity. Both its individual and community effects can influence crime. If the goal of the public is to decrease property and violent crime, focusing on investments in conventional activities may be a useful approach. Developing programs and policies that promote a sense of investment in employment is likely to lead to an array of socially beneficial outcomes. According to this research, one of these would be a decrease in criminal behavior.